Pressotherapy aids local circulation, decrease swelling, muscle tension, stress, pain, dilates vessels, aids in venous return, increases perfusion or the flow of blood in the tissues, provides a physiological replacement for the plantar pump, the muscle pump and the elastic activity of the vein wall. The column of blood is put in motion with no gaps in application of pressure and with no means of escape. This effect may solve the problem of static blood masses inside ectasic and damaged vessels. Compression from the outside also allows more excessive interstitial fluid to return to the circulatory system.
Pressotherapy is used to:
- Duplicate the action on the body of massage
- Repress the blood through slow and progressive pressure
- Lessen telangiectasis (capillary distention)
- Lymphatic drainage (alleviate oedema or swelling of the leg)
- Provide immediate leg comfort and lightness
- Kidney failure (poor filtration and a hydrosaline imbalance, with possible accumulation of large quantities of fluid in the tissues.
- Heart failure (leads to tapered oedemas because of an inadequate pumping effect)
- Premenstrual oedema (oedema during menstrual periods are linked to the fluid-retaining effects of oestrogen and progestin. Pressure therapy during the periods quickly solves the problem.)
- Broken capillaries and erythrosis
- Poor skin tone and bags under the eyes
- Loss of muscle tone in immobilized patients